Ophthalmology

Man Having an Eye ExamIf you have ever undergone eye surgery, a trained ophthalmologist has done the work. Ophthalmology focuses on treating diseases and conditions that affect the anatomy and physiology of the eye. What this means is that an ophthalmologist takes care of both surgical procedures and medical care for the eye. They are specialists in dealing with multiple eye diseases and conditions.

Ophthalmology Training and Education

Becoming an ophthalmologist requires a medical degree and completing residency like other branches of medicine. Some ophthalmologists can undergo additional training if they choose and focus on a specialty within the field.

Ophthalmology training covers the entire spectrum of eye care. Ophthalmologists are trained to do thorough eye exams to prescribe glasses or contact lenses, offer medical treatment for assorted eye problems, and do complex and delicate eye surgeries for qualified candidates. They also take an active role in conducting scientific research on eye diseases and other serious vision problems. Ophthalmologists work to uncover causes behind these things and find cures.

An ophthalmologist is a licensed medical doctor, so they are permitted to practice medicine and surgery. This is different from an optometrist who focuses on performing eye exams, prescribing corrective lenses, and prescribing medications for certain eye diseases. Often, optometrists and ophthalmologists will work together to provide complete eye care for a patient.

Ophthalmologist Sub-Specialties

The field of ophthalmology includes multiple sub-specialties where an ophthalmologist can focus on treating and curing specific types of eye problems. This can make it easier to address the specific needs of eye patients.

These ophthalmology sub-specialties include:

Cornea and External Disease

Diagnosing and treating diseases related to the cornea, sclera, and eyelids are the primary focus of this specialty. Training within this specialty includes doing corneal transplant surgery and other types of corneal surgery.

Glaucoma

This specialty concentrates on medical and surgical treatment of glaucoma and other age-related vision disorders that can create optic nerve damage through increased ocular pressure.

Neuro-ophthalmology

A nonsurgical specialty focused on diseases affecting the optic nerve and visual pathways. It deals with the relationship between neurologic and ophthalmic diseases and can be combined with eye and orbital surgery.

Ophthalmic Pathology

An ophthalmic pathologist examines tissue samples culled from the eye and adnexa in helping to diagnose eye diseases and vision problems.

Ophthalmic Plastic Surgery

With this specialty, the focus is on reconstructive surgery in facial and orbital areas. It can include complex surgeries on eyelids, orbits, certain facial bones, and the lacrimal system.

Pediatric Ophthalmology

This specialty focuses on dealing with vision problems and eye diseases affecting children. Pediatric ophthalmologists offer medical and surgical treatment of genetic ocular abnormalities and serious eye diseases before a patient reaches adulthood.

Vitreoretinal Diseases

Medical and surgical treatment of diseases affecting the retina and vitreous are the focus of this specialty. These diseases can be genetic and systemic in origin. A vitreoretinal ophthalmologist uses tools like ultrasound fluorescein, angiography, and electrophysiology to make a diagnosis. From there, they treat vitreoretinal diseases by using such procedures as laser therapy, cryotherapy, retinal detachment surgery, and vitrectomy.

Main Campus

2020 West Iles Avenue
Springfield, IL, 62704

Phone: (217) 698-3030
Fax: (217) 698-3068

Hours:
Mon - Fri: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Sat: 8:00 AM - 12 Noon
Map of Our Main Campus

Prairie Retina Center

2800 Montaluma Drive
Springfield, IL, 62704

Phone: (217) 321-2020
Fax: (217) 321-2026

Hours:
Mon - Fri: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Map of the Retina Center

Prairie Spa

2800 Montaluma Drive
Springfield, IL, 62704

Phone: (217) 960-3223

Hours:
Mon : 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Tues: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Weds: 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Thurs: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Fri: 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Sat: 9:00 AM - 5:00 PM
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Lincoln

518 Broadway
Lincoln, IL, 62656

Phone: (217) 732-6062
Fax: (217) 732-8495

Hours:
Mon - Fri: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
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Jacksonville

2000 West Morton
Jacksonville, IL 62650

Phone: (217) 245-6814
Fax: (217) 245-0375

Hours:
Mon: 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Tues: 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Wed: 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Thurs: 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Fri: 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM  
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Hillsboro

200 East Mechanic Street
Hillsboro, IL 62049

Phone: (217) 532-3036
Fax: (217) 532-6623

Hours:
Mon - Fri: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
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Girard

130 West Center
Girard, IL 62640

Phone: (217) 627-2718
Fax: (217) 627-3312

Hours:
Mon: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Tues: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Wed: 8:30 AM - 5:00 PM
Thurs: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Fri: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
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Beardstown

106 E. Main Street
Beardstown, IL 62618

Phone: (217) 323-1146
Fax: (217) 323-1156

Hours:
Mon - Thurs: 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Fri: 8:00 AM - 12:00 Noon
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Decatur

960 E. Mound Road
Decatur, IL 62526

Phone: (217) 877-5050
Fax: (217) 877-9711

Hours:
Mon - Thurs: 7:30am - 4:00pm
Friday: 7:30am-3:00pm
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Clinton

700 North Side Square
Clinton, IL 61727

Phone: (217) 937-1111
Fax: (217) 937-1991

Hours:
Tue -Thu 8am-5pm

Calls for the Clinton office Monday's and Friday's can be reached at our Decatur Office (217) 877-5050
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